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West Bengal Pollution Control Board

Industrial Pollution Control - Activity

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Categorisation of industries: Depending upon the pollution potential of different industries, the West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB) has classified the industrial units into three different categories: 'Red', 'Orange' and 'Green'. The Red category units have maximum pollution potential, the Orange category units have moderate pollution potential and the Green units have the least pollution potential. Further, considering the degree of pollution among the Red units, these are classified into 'Special Red' and 'Ordinary Red' categories.

Industrial Siting Policy: In combating industrial pollution, the transparent industrial siting policy of the Board is in place. Under this policy, the red industries are not permitted in KMA areas, and orange industries are not permitted in KMC and HMC areas, except the industrial estates of KMC and HMC. This policy does not permit a few water-intensive and highly polluting industrial units having high water consumption within 10-km radius of the Calcutta Leather Complex at Bantala. A total of 334 grossly polluted industries were identified for regulatory compliance on an immediate basis. The WBPCB ensures that compliance is attained through negotiated agreements and technical guidance. While stricter emission standards were introduced for boilers, ceramic kilns, foundries and rolling mills in KMA, use of cleaner fuel was made mandatory for small boilers in KMC, rolling mills in Howrah and ceramic kilns in KMA.

Consent Administration: Under the provisions of the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and the Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, any industry, operation or process or an extension and addition thereto, which is likely to discharge sewerage or trade effluent into the environment or likely to emit any air pollution into the atmosphere will have to obtain consent of the State Pollution Control Board. There are different types of consent issued under the provisions of Water (P&CP) Act 1974 and Air (P&CP) Act, 1981.

  • Consent to Establish: All the industries and activities needing consent must obtain consent to establish before actual commencement of the works for establishing the industry/activity.
  • Consent to Operate: This consent needs to be taken before actual commencement of production. This consent is valid for certain duration.
  • Renewal of Consent to Operate: The consent to operate is renewed after certain period.

Promotional Role of the WBPCB: As part of its promotional role, consent administration for small-scale industries were simplified and decentralised through General Managers of District Industries Centre, District Land and Land Reforms Officers and Regional Officers of the Board. The WBPCB provides financial assistance for change of fuel in small boilers and ceramic kilns within the KMC area. The Board works in close association with various NGOs, academic institutions, Chambers of Commerce and Industry Associations. The establishment of West Bengal Cleaner Production Centre in collaboration with National Cleaner Production Centre and Indian Chamber of Commerce is a case in point.

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